Heartworm prevention protocols have not changed in decades.
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John McCall, MS, PhD; Robert Wirtz, PhD; Susan E. Little, DVM, PhD; Nancy Soares, VMD; and Tom Nelson, DVM gathered for a roundtable discussion about heartworm disease in dogs and Dr. McCall’s recent research that used a multimodal approach for heartworm prevention.
1. McCall, J.W., Hodgkins, E., Varloud, M., Mansour, A., DiCosty, U., McCall, S., Carmichael, J., Carson, B., Carter, J. (2016, August). Blocking of the transmission of Dirofilaria immitis L3 (JYD-34 ML resistant strain) from infected mosquitoes to dogs and prevention of infection in dogs treated topically with dinotefuran-permethrin-pyriproxyfen and orally with milbemycin oxime alone or in combination. Abstract presented at the meeting of the American Association of Veterinary Parasitologists, San Antonio, TX.
2. McCall, J.W., Hodgkins, E., Varloud, M., Mansour, A., DiCosty, U. (2015, July). Inhibition of the transmission of Dirofilaria immitis to mosquitoes by weekly exposure to microfilaremic dogs treated topically with dinotefuran–permethrin-pyriproxyfen. Abstract presented at the meeting of the American Association of Veterinary Parasitologists, Boston, MA.
The research supports a new Double Defense protocol
Use Vectra® 3D for repelling and killing mosquitoes that may transmit heartworms and a heartworm preventive.